These molds are made of wet sands that are used to make the mold's shape. The name comes from the fact that wet sands are used in the molding process.
For a simple object—flat on one side—the lower portion of the box, closed at the bottom, will be filled with prepared casting sand or green sand—a slightly moist mixture of sand and clay.
This forms a "green" mold which must be dried to receive the hot metal. If the mold is not sufficiently dried a steam explosion can occur that can throw molten metal about. In some cases, the sand may be oiled instead of moistened, which makes possible casting without waiting for the sand to dry. Sand may also be bonded by chemical binders, such as furane resins or amine-hardened resins.
The Sand Casting process -Ruican Green Sand Mold process - is commonly used in the casting of aluminum, brass/bronze, and iron products.